Ethylene glycol 乙二醇

CAS 107-21-1 MFCD00002885

化学结构图

107-21-1
SMILES: OCCO

化学属性

Mol. FormulaC2H6O2
Mol. Weight62.07
Refractive index1.4300 to 1.4330
Flash Point110°C
TSCAYes
Boiling Point196-198
Melting Point-13
Autoignition Point752 °F
Vapor Density2.1 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure0.08 mmHg ( 20 °C)
Solubility与水混溶,可混溶于乙醇、醚等。
Stability对湿度敏感
Density1.113

别名和识别编码

Chemical NameEthylene glycol
MDL NumberMFCD00002885
CAS Number107-21-1
EC Number203-473-3
Beilstein Registry Number505945
Reaxys-RN505945
PubChem Substance ID174
Merck Number3798
Synonym 1,2-ETHANEDIOL GLYCOL 1,2-Ethanediol 3-BENZYLTHIO-1,2-PROPANEDIOL POLYMER BOUND ETHANE-1,2-DIOL ETHANEDIOL DIACETATE ETHYLENE ACETATE ETHYLENE DIACETATE Ethylene alcohol Ethylene glycol {} {SNA} {} {} {Chemic {} {} {} {Chemical {} {} {} {} {Chemicalboo {} {} {} {} {} {Chemicalbo {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {hazard_com} Ucar 17 {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {} {hazard_com} Tescol {
Chemical Name Translation乙二醇
InChIKeyLYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Wiswesser Line NotationQ2Q
LabNetwork Molecule IDLN00163543
InChIInChI=1S/C2H6O2/c3-1-2-4/h3-4H,1-2H2
Canonical SMILESOCCO
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分类

  • {SNA} Alcohols, Aliphatic, Alpha Sort, Alphabetical Index of Analytical Standards, Analytical Standards, Analytical/Chromatography, Chemical Class, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, E, E-L,
  • {SNA} Amber Glass Bottles,
  • {SNA} NMR Reference Standards, NMR Solvents and Reagents,
  • {SNA} Chemical Synthesis

产品应用

  • 气相色谱固定液(最高使用温度50℃,溶剂为氯仿),分离分析低沸点含氧化合物、胺类化合物、氮或氧杂环化合物。测定水泥中的氧化钙, 溶剂, 抗冻剂, 制造聚酯树脂、增塑剂、化妆品、炸药、耐寒润滑油、表面活性剂、清漆、染料、油墨等, 有机合成。

相关文献及参考

  • In combination with TMS chloride, ɑß-enones are converted to ß-chloro acetals in one step: Tetrahedron Lett., 25, 3805 (1984).
  • For examples of use in acetal (1,3-dioxolane) formation, catalyzed by tosic acid with azeotropic water removal, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 567 (1988); 7, 241, 271 (1990). A mild dehydrating agent, e.g. triethyl orthoformate may be used as an alternative: J. Org. Chem., 48, 2122 (1983). PPTS (Pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate, A15708) has been recommended as a catalyst for the formation and cleavage of ethylene acetals, being less likely to cause acid-catalyzed rearrangements than tosic acid itself: Synthesis, 724 (1979). For acetalization of ɑß-enals, tartaric acid in the presence of anhydrous MgSO4 gives good results: J. Org. Chem., 60, 2931 (1995). Review of the preparation of acetals: Synthesis, 501 (1981). See also 2,2-Dimethyl-1,3-dioxolane, L00482.
  • Merck:14,3798
  • Merck:14,3798 Beilstein:1,465

安全信息

Signal word Warning
GHS Symbol
WGK Germany1
Safety Statements
  • S2 Keep out of the reach of children 避免儿童触及;
  • S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice 眼睛接触后,立即用大量水冲洗并征求医生意见;
  • S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection 穿戴适当的防护服、手套和眼睛/面保护;
Risk Statements
  • R22 Harmful if swallowed 吞咽有害
  • R36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin 对眼睛、呼吸系统和皮肤有刺激性
Precautionary statements
  • P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. 使用本产品时不要吃东西,喝水或吸烟。
  • P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. 戴防护手套/防护服/眼睛的保护物/面部保护物。
  • P301+P310
  • P305+P351+P338+P337+P313
  • P308+P311
  • P308+P313
  • P332+P313
  • P405 Store locked up. 上锁保管。
  • P501 Dispose of contents/container to..… 处理内容物/容器.....
RTECSKW2975000
Hazard statements
  • H302 Harmful if swallowed 吞食有害
  • H373 May causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure 长期或频繁接触可能会损伤器官
  • H303 May be harmfully swallowed 吞食可能有害
Storage condition 2-8°C Hygroscopic Store at room temperature 密封保存。
Personal Protective Equipment Eyeshields, Faceshields, full-face respirator (US), Gloves, multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US), type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter
Hazard Codes Xn Xn,Xi
TYPE OF TEST            : LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Unreported
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Human - man
DOSE/DURATION           : 1637 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   85DCAI "Poisoning; Toxicology, Symptoms, Treatments," 2nd ed., Arena, J.M.,
   Springfield, IL, C.C. Thomas, 1970  Volume(issue)/page/year: 2,73,1970

TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED

TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Human - man
DOSE/DURATION           : 1195 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Peripheral Nerve and Sensation - sensory change involving peripheral nerve
   Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - renal function tests depressed
REFERENCE :
   AEMED3 Annals of Emergency Medicine.  (American College of Emergency
   Physicians, 1125 Executive Circle, Irving, TX 75038)
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 20,208,1991

TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Human - man
DOSE/DURATION           : 15 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Peripheral Nerve and Sensation - sensory change involving peripheral nerve
   Gastrointestinal - ulceration or bleeding from small intestine
   Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - renal functio

TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION           : 3 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   JPETAB Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.  (Williams &
   Wilkins Co., 428 E. Preston St., Baltimore, MD 21202)  V.1-    1909/10-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 65,89,1939

TYPE OF TEST

TYPE OF TEST            : DNA inhibition
TEST SYSTEM             : Human Lymphocyte
DOSE/DURATION           : 320 mmol/L
REFERENCE :
   PNASA6 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States
   of America.  (National Academy of Sciences, Printing & Pub. Office, 2101
   Constitution Ave., Washington, DC 20418) V.1-    1915-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 79,1171,1982

TYPE OF TEST            : Cytogenetic analysis
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
TEST SYSTEM             : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 1200 mg/kg
REFERENCE :
   TGANAK Tsitologiya i Genetika.  Cytology and Genetics.  For English
   translation, see CYGEDX. (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR)
   V.1-    1967-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 19,436,1985

TYPE OF TEST            : Mutation in mammalian somatic cells
TEST SYSTEM             : Rodent - mouse Lymphocyte
DOSE/DURATION           : 100 mmol/L
REFERENCE :
   PAACA3 Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research. (Waverly
   Press, 428 E. Preston St., Baltimore, MD 21202)  V.1-    1954-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 21,74,1980

TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE                    : 25 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION            : female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Reproductive - Maternal Effects - uterus, cervix, vagina
   Reproductive - Fertility - litter size (e.g. # fetuses per litter; measured
   before birth)
   Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death,
   e.g., stunted fetus)
REFERENCE :
   NTIS** National Technical Information Service.  (Springfield, VA 22161)
   Formerly U.S. Clearinghouse for Scientific & Technical Information.
   Volume(issue)/page/year: PB85-104594

TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE                    : 7500 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION            : female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death,
   e.g., stunted fetus)
   Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - musculoskeletal system
REFERENCE :
   TXAPA9 Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology.  (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E.
   First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1-    1959-  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   81,113,1985

TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE                    : 84 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION            : female 1-21 day(s) after conception
                          lactating female 21 day(s) post-birth
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - live birth index (measured after birth)
   Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - growth statistics (e.g.%, reduced weight
   gain)
   Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - delayed effects
REFERENCE :
   TOXID9 Toxicologist.  (Soc. of Toxicology, Inc., 475 Wolf Ledge Parkway,

其他信息

  • TCI Shanghai:乙二醇二乙酸酯 Ethylene Glycol Diacetate,>;95.0%(GC)(111-55-7)
  • color:blue
  • F:3
  • Acros Organics:乙二醇二乙酸酯 Ethylene glycol diacetate, 99%(111-55-7)
  • 乙二醇二乙酸酯价格(试剂级):更新日期 产品编号 产品名称 包装 价格 2014/06/02 E0109 乙二醇二乙酸酯 Ethylene Glycol Diacetate 25ML 170元 2014/06/02 E0109 乙二醇二乙酸酯 Ethylene Glycol Diacetate 500ML 258元 2010/06/21 176220025 乙二醇二乙酸酯 Ethylene glycol diacetate 99% 2.5 LT 975元
  • MOL 文件:111-55-7.mol
  • Alfa Aesar:乙二醇二乙酸酯,97% Ethylene glycol diacetate, 97%(111-55-7)
  • Sigma Aldrich:111-55-7(sigmaaldrich)
  • 用途二:用作油类、纤维素酯类、炸药的溶剂。
  • 图谱信息:乙二醇二乙酸酯(111-55-7)核磁图( 1 HNMR) 乙二醇二乙酸酯(111-55-7)红外图谱(IR2) 乙二醇二乙酸酯(111-55-7)红外图谱(IR1) 乙二醇二乙酸酯(111-55-7)Raman光谱 乙二醇二乙酸酯(111-55-7)质谱(MS) 乙二醇二乙酸酯(111-55-7)核磁图( 13 CNMR)
  • MSDS 信息:乙二醇二乙酸酯(111-55-7).msds
  • 蒸气密度:5.04 (vs air)
  • 上游原料:1,2-二溴乙烷 --> 乙酸钾
  • 方法一:由1,2-二溴乙烷与乙酸钾反应而得。
  • 外观性质:无色低挥发性液体,具有醋酸酯类的芳香味。
  • 下游产品:聚丙烯酰胺乳液
  • 用途一:用作溶剂,也用于有机合成
  • 蒸气压:0.2 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
  • 有甜味, 有吸湿性, 能降低水的凝固点, 能溶于水、低级醇、甘油、丙酮、乙酸、吡啶和醛类,微溶于乙醚,几乎不溶于苯及苯的同系物、氯化烃类、石油醚、油类。有毒,半数致死量(大鼠,经口)8.54g/kg。具有吸水性,易燃。

系列性分类