Ammonia 氨

CAS 7664-41-7 MFCD00011418




Mol. FormulaNH3
Mol. Weight17.03
Autoignition Point1203 °F
Vapor Density0.6 (vs air)
Boiling Point-33 °C(lit.)
Vapor Pressure8.75 atm ( 21 °C)
Melting Point-78
Flash Point6°C(lit.)
Appearance 1.5640,溶于苯、甲苯等溶剂,不溶于水。 D 对氯苯甲醛是白色固体,m.p.46~47℃,b.p.213~214℃,n 20
Mol. FormulaNH3
Mol. Weight17


Chemical NameAmmonia
Synonym 4-氯苯甲醛 AM-Fol AMMONIA 10 ION CHROMATOGRAPHY STANDARD AMMONIA 10K ION CHROMATOGRAPHY STANDARD AMMONIA 1K ION CHROMATOGRAPHY STANDARD AMMONIA MONITOR REAGENT 1 AMMONIA MONITOR REAGENT 2 AMMONIA MONITOR SECOND REAGENT AMMONIA SOLUTION, STRONG AMMONIA, FREE REAGENT Ammonia Ammonia anhydrous Ammonium hydroxide H3N (ammonia) Hydrogennitrid Nitro-Sil R 717 Refrigerent R717 am-fol, ammonia(anhydrous), ammoniaanhydrous ammonia ammonia, anhydrous 氨 氨 溶液 氨水 水质氨(水剂)标样
MDL NumberMFCD00011418
EC Number231-635-3
CAS Number7664-41-7
Merck Number492
Beilstein Registry Number3587154
PubChem Substance ID222
Chemical Name Translation
Wiswesser Line NotationZH
LabNetwork Molecule IDLN00163871
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  • {SNA} Alternative Energy, Amides, Chemical Synthesis, Materials Science, Materials for Hydrogen Storage, Specialty Gas
  • {SNA} 12 Principles Aligned Products, Alternative Energy, Amides, Chemical Synthesis, Greener Alternative Products, Material Sciences, Materials f


  • Short: II/24C
  • Merck: 14,492
  • Short: II/24A


Safety Statements
  • S16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking 远离火源,禁止吸烟;
  • S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice 眼睛接触后,立即用大量水冲洗并征求医生意见;
  • S36/37 Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves 穿戴适当的防护服和手套;
  • S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection 穿戴适当的防护服、手套和眼睛/面保护;
  • S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible) 发生事故时或感觉不适时,立即求医(可能时出示标签);
UN Number 1165 1219 1992 3286 UN 1219 3/PG 2 UN2672
Risk Statements
  • R11 Highly flammable 非常易燃
  • R19 May form explosive peroxides 可能生成易爆的过氧化物质
  • R23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed 吸入,皮肤接触及吞食都有毒
  • R34 Causes burns 会导致灼伤
  • R36/37 Irritating to eyes and respiratory system 对眼睛和呼吸系统有刺激性
  • R39/23/24/25 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed 毒性:吸入,皮肤接触和吞食都会产生十分严重的不可逆危险
  • R40 Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect 有限证据表明其致癌作用
  • R50 Very toxic to aquatic organisms 对水生生物极毒
  • R66 Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking 反复接触可能导致皮肤干燥或皴裂
Signal word Danger
GHS Symbol
WGK Germany2
Precautionary statements
  • P201 Obtain special instructions before use. 使用前获取专门指示。
  • P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking. 远离热源/火花/明火/热的表面。——禁止吸烟。
  • P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. 与地面接触/连接集装箱和接受设备。
  • P241+P242+P243
  • P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. 不要吸入粉尘/烟/气体/烟雾/蒸汽/喷雾。
  • P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. 避免吸入粉尘/烟/气体/烟雾/蒸汽/喷雾。
  • P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling. 处理后要彻底洗净双手。
  • P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. 使用本产品时不要吃东西,喝水或吸烟。
  • P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.? 只能在室外或通风良好的地方使用。
  • P273 Avoid release to the environment. 避免释放到环境中。
  • P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. 戴防护手套/防护服/眼睛的保护物/面部保护物。
  • P281 Use personal protective equipment as required. 使用所需的个人防护装备。
  • P284 Wear respiratory protection.? 佩戴呼吸保护装置。
  • P301+P310
  • P301+P330+P331
  • P302+P352+P332+P313+P362+P364
  • P303+P361+P353
  • P304+P312
  • P304+P340
  • P304+P340+P312
  • P305+P351+P338
  • P305+P351+P338+P310
  • P305+P351+P338+P337+P313
  • P308+P311
  • P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. 立即呼救解毒中心或医生/医师。
  • P311 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. 呼叫解毒中心或医生/医师。
  • P312 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. 如果你感觉不适,呼叫解毒中心或医生/医师。
  • P321 Specific treatment (see … on this label). 具体治疗(见本标签上的)。
  • P332+P313
  • P337+P313
  • P362 Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. 脱掉污染的衣服,清洗后方可重新使用
  • P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. 被污染的衣服洗净后方可重新使用。
  • P377 Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely. 漏气着火:切勿灭火,除非漏气能够被安全地制止。
  • P381 Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so. 如果安全的话,消除所有点火源。
  • P391 Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment 收集对水环境有危害的泄漏物。
  • P403 Store in a well-ventilated place. 储存在通风良好的地方。
  • P403+P233
  • P405 Store locked up. 上锁保管。
  • P410+P403
  • P501 Dispose of contents/container to..… 处理内容物/容器.....
Hazard statements
  • H221 Flammable gas 易燃气体。
  • H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour 高度易燃液体和蒸气
  • H280 Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated 内含高压气体,遇热可能爆炸。
  • H301 Toxic if swallowed 吞食有毒
  • H302 Harmful if swallowed 吞食有害
  • H311 Toxic in contact with skin 皮肤接触中毒
  • H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage 导致严重的皮肤灼伤和眼睛损伤
  • H319 Causes serious eye irritation 严重刺激眼睛
  • H331 Toxic if inhaled 吸入中毒
  • H335 May cause respiratory irritation 可能导致呼吸道刺激
  • H351 Suspected of causing cancer 怀疑致癌
  • H370 Causes damage to organs 导致器官损伤
  • H400 Verytoxictoaquaticlife 对水生生物毒性非常大。
  • H410 Verytoxictoaquaticlifewithlonglastingeffects 对水生生物毒性非常大并具有长期影响。
  • H411 Toxictoaquaticlifewithlonglastingeffects 对水生生物有毒性并具有长期影响。
  • H412 Harmfutoaquaticlifewithlonglastingeffects 对水生生物有害并具有长期影响。
Packing GroupII
Storage condition 0-10 0-6°C 0-10°C Hygroscopic
Personal Protective Equipment Eyeshields, Faceshields, full-face respirator (US), Gloves, multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US), type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter Faceshields, Gloves, Goggles, half-mask respirator (US), multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US)
Hazard Codes 3 8 F,C,N,Xn F,T T,N
Hazard Class3/6.1
Warnings 危化品目录(2015)
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 1680 mg/kg/24W-C
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Gastrointestinal - tumors
   CALEDQ Cancer Letters (Shannon, Ireland).  (Elsevier Scientific Pub. Ireland
   Ltd., POB 85, Limerick, Ireland)  V.1-    1975- Volume(issue)/page/year:

TYPE OF TEST            : TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
DOSE/DURATION           : 20 ppm

TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowe

TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Human - man
DOSE/DURATION           : 15 uL/kg
   Gastrointestinal - changes in structure or function of esophagus
   AJEMEN American Journal of Emergency Medicine.  (WB Saunders, Philadelphia,
   PA)  V.1-    1983-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 3,320,1985

TYPE OF TEST            : LCLo - Lowest published lethal concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
DOSE/DURATION           : 5000 ppm/5M
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
   TABIA2 Tabulae Biologicae.  (The Hague, Netherlands)  V.1-22, 1925-63.
   Discontinued.  Volume(issue)/page/year: 3,231,1933

TYPE OF TEST            : LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION           : 7 gm/m3/1H
   Peripheral Nerve and Sensation - flaccid paralysis without anesthesia
   (usually neuromuscular blockage)
   Behavioral - excitement
   JIHTAB Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology.  (Cambridge, MA)
   V.18-31, 1936-49.  For publisher information, see AEHLAU.
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 26,29,1944

TYPE OF TEST            : LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 2000 ppm/4H
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
   34ZIAG "Toxicology of Drugs and Che


TYPE OF TEST            : Cytogenetic analysis
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
TEST SYSTEM             : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 19800 ug/m3/16W
   BZARAZ Biologicheskii Zhurnal Armenii.  Biological Journal of Armenia. (V/O
   Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR)  V.19-    1966-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 27(6),102,1974

TYPE OF TEST            : Mutation in microorganisms
TEST SYSTEM             : Bacteria - Escherichia coli
DOSE/DURATION           : 1500 ppm/3H
   AMNTA4 American Naturalist.  (Univ. of Chicago Press, Journals Div., POB
   37005, Chicago, IL 60637) V.1-    1867-  Volume(issue)/page/year:


  • 4-氯苯甲醛价格(试剂级):更新日期 产品编号 产品名称 包装 价格 2011/08/23 C150441000 4-氯苯甲醛;对氯苯甲醛 100g 242元 2011/08/23 A11221602 4-氯苯甲醛;对氯苯甲醛 250g 527元 2011/08/23 K2349101 4-氯苯甲醛;对氯苯甲醛
  • 急性毒性:吸入- 大鼠 LC50:2000 PPM/4小时; 吸入- 小鼠 LC50:4230 PPM/1小时
  • {Chem
  • {
  • 用途一:主要用于制造镇静药芬那露、氨苯酪酸等医药原料及中间体,在农药上用以制造氯肉桂醛,除草杀敌散等
  • 外观性质:无色、有刺激性恶臭的气体。
  • Alfa Aesar:4-氯苯甲醛,98% 4-Chlorobenzaldehyde, 98%(104-88-1)
  • 下游产品:2,4-二硝基苯胺 --> (+)-1-苯基-2-(对甲基苯基)乙胺 --> 丙酰胺 --> 氮化硼 --> 4-氯-3-硝基苯甲醛 --> 虫螨腈 --> 十二烷基伯胺 --> 酒石酸铵 --> 盐酸氯苯胍 --> 双硫腙 --> N-乙酰-L-谷氨酰胺 --> 2,5-二甲氧基-2,5-二氢呋喃 --> 非氨酯 --> 3,4-亚甲二氧苯乙胺 --> 烯效唑 --> 钛酸四丁酯 --> 酸性蓝 83 --> 卡特缩合剂 --> N-(4-氯苄基)-N-甲胺 --> 巴氯芬 --> 合成加脂剂 --> 2-对氯苯基肌氨酸 --> 2-氨基-2-苯基乙酸 --> 新铜铁灵 --> O,O-二异丙基硫代磷酸铵 --> 环丙氨嗪 --> 4-氯苄基频那酮 --> N-苯基甘氨酸 --> 芬那露 --> 4-苯氧基-2,6-二异丙基苯硫代异氰酸酯 --> 4-氯肉桂酸 --> 1-氨基蒽醌-2-羧酸 --> 烯效唑 --> 烯效唑可湿性粉剂 --> 2,2'-二羟基-3,5,3',5',4''-五氯三苯基甲烷-2''-磺酸钠 --> 奥卡西平 --> 3-(乙磺酰基)-2-吡啶磺酰胺
  • 上游原料:乙酸 --> 氢氧化铵 --> 氮 -->
  • 对氯苯甲醛:对氯苯甲醛又名4-氯苯甲醛。无色片状结晶至淡黄色粉末。分子量140.57。熔点47.5℃。沸点213~214℃。相对密度1.196 (61/4℃)。折射率1.5552 (61℃)。闪点87℃。不溶于水,易溶于乙醇、乙醚、苯,溶于水、丙酮。能随水蒸气挥发。用作医药、染料中间体,用于制造芬那露、氨苯氨酪酸等。由对氯甲苯氯化水解而得。也可由对氯甲苯二氧化锰氧化而得。还能由对氯甲苯用空气氧化制取。 制备植物生长调节剂多效唑:以对氯苯甲醛和2,2-二甲基-3-丁酮为原料,在氢氧化钠和叔丁醇溶液中反应,生成1-(2,2-二甲基-3-酮-4-戊烯)对氯苯,在乙酸乙酯溶液中,以镍为催化剂,高温下加氢,生成1-(2,2-二甲基-3-戊酮)对氯苯,在四氯化碳溶液中,加溴,生成1-(2,2-二甲基-4-溴-3-戊酮)对氯苯,进一步在丙酮溶液中与1,2,4-三唑反应,最后在硼氢化钠的甲醇溶液中,生成多效唑。 巴氯芬用作脊椎的骨骼肌松弛剂和镇痉剂。由对氯苯甲醛与乙酰乙酸乙酯缩合生成对氯代苯亚甲基-双-乙酰乙酸乙酯。加热水解得对氯代苯基戊二酸。用乙酐脱水环合生成对氯代苯基戊二酸酐。再用浓氨水胺化生成对氯代苯基戊二酸亚酰胺,最后开环、降解而得。
  • 用途五:主要用于大规模集成电路减压或等离子体CVD,以生长二氧化硅膜
  • {Chemica
  • TCI Shanghai:氨(约4%的甲醇溶液,约2.0mol/L) Ammonia (ca. 4% in Methanol, ca. 2.0mol/L)(7664-41-7)
  • Alfa Aesar:氨水,2M甲醇溶液 Amm
  • 用途三:用于制造镇静药芬那露、染料酸性艳蓝6B等
  • 用途九:用作致冷剂及制取铵盐和氮肥。 用于ICP-AES、AAS、AFS、ICP-MS、离子色谱等。滴定分析用标准溶液。
  • 用途二:用于化工、食品、医药等行业
  • 检测方法:GC,NMR
  • {Ch
  • 可燃性危险特性:在空气中明火可燃; 遇水产生有腐蚀性的氨水; 燃烧产生有毒氮氧化物和氨气体
  • {Chemicalbo