Diisopropylamine 二异丙胺

CAS 108-18-9 MFCD00008862

化学结构图

108-18-9
SMILES: CC(C)NC(C)C

化学属性

Mol. FormulaC6H15N
Mol. Weight101.19
Density0.722
Refractive index1.3910 to 1.3940
Boiling Point84°C(lit.)
Melting Point-61
Flash Point-13°C(lit.)
TSCAYes
Autoignition Point599 °F
Vapor Density3.5 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure50 mmHg ( 20 °C)
Solubility微溶于水,溶于多数有机溶剂。
Stability对空气敏感
Density0.722
Mol. FormulaC6H15N
Mol. Weight101.19

别名和识别编码

Chemical NameDiisopropylamine
Synonym N-(1-Methylethyl)-2-propamine Diisopropylamine Diisopropyl-amine N-isopropyl-2-propanamine bis(1-methylethyl)amine 二異丙基胺 二异丙基胺,N-(1-甲基乙基)-2-丙胺 二异丙基胺 2-propanamine, N-isopropyl- 二异丙胺 AURORA KA-7634 二异丙胺, 99+% DIPA N-isopropyl-1-methylethanamine (N-(1-Methylethyl)-2)propanamine (N-(1-METHYLETHYL)-2)PROPANAMINE dipropylamine(non-specificname) (iso-C3H7)2NH DIISOPROPYLAMINE, REDISTILLED, 99.95% N,N-Diisopropylamine 2-Propanamine, N-(1-methylethyl)- N-(1-甲基乙基)-2-丙胺 N-Isopropyl-1-amino-2-methylethane Di-isopropylamin Isodipropylamine
CAS Number108-18-9
EC Number203-558-5
Beilstein Registry Number4,154
MDL NumberMFCD00008862
Reaxys-RN605284
Merck Number3196
PubChem Substance ID125309058
Chemical Name Translation二异丙胺
Wiswesser Line Notation1Y1&MY1&1
LabNetwork Molecule IDLN00198727
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分类

  • {SNA} Aliphatics, Alphabetical Index of Analytical Standards, Amines, Analytical Standards, Analytical/Chromatography, Chemical Class, D, DID - DIN, Solvents
  • Aliphatics, Alphabetic, Amines, Analytical Standards, Analytical/Chromatography, Chemical Class, D, DID - DIN, Solvents
  • {Chemicalbook} 农药中间体: 除草剂中间体: 氨基甲酸酯类除草剂
  • {SNA}
  • {SNA} Analytical Reagents for General Use, C-D, Puriss p.a., Puriss p.a., 分析/色谱, 分析试剂
  • {uni_hamburg} no charge; 1fragment
  • {SNA} Analytical Reagents,
  • {SNA} Aliphatics, Alphabetical Index of Analytical Standards, Amines, An

产品应用

  • 用于生产医药、农药、染料、橡胶硫化促进剂、乳化剂、洗涤剂等。

相关文献及参考

  • Short: II/25D
  • Merck:14,3196 Beilstein:4,154
  • LDA is generally prepared in situ by reaction of diisopropylamine with an alkyllithium; numerous examples in Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 7, 8, 9, and subsequent annual volumes. For discussion of methods for preparation, including Li metal in the presence of an aromatic hydrocarbon as electron-acceptor, see: Synthesis, 463 (1979); see also (Li in ether): Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1471 (1980).
  • 1,3-Dithianes are not cleaved under these conditions.
  • Merck:14,3196
  • Precursor of the sterically-hindered strong base lithium diisopropylamide (LDA), which has a greater "kinetic-basicity" than some thermodynamically stronger bases, e.g. alkyllithiums, and therefore finds wide application in lithiation reactions. LDA is a particularly useful base for the preparation of carboxylic acid dianions and ester enolates. For a review, see: Synthesis, 521 (1982).
  • LDA cleaves 1,3-dithiolanes (ethylene dithioacetals) to the carbonyl compounds: Synthesis, 1087 (1982):

安全信息

GHS Symbol
WGK Germany2
Hazard Codes F,C
Hazard statements
  • H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour 高度易燃液体和蒸气
  • H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage 导致严重的皮肤灼伤和眼睛损伤
  • H332 Harmful if inhaled 吸入有害
  • H302 Harmful if swallowed 吞食有害
Personal Protective Equipment Faceshields, full-face respirator (US), Gloves, Goggles, multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US), type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter
RTECSIM4025000
Precautionary statements
  • P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.? 只能在室外或通风良好的地方使用。
  • P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. 避免吸入粉尘/烟/气体/烟雾/蒸汽/喷雾。
  • P305+P351+P338
  • P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. 戴防护手套/防护服/眼睛的保护物/面部保护物。
  • P501 Dispose of contents/container to..… 处理内容物/容器.....
  • P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking. 远离热源/火花/明火/热的表面。——禁止吸烟。
  • P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. 立即呼救解毒中心或医生/医师。
  • P303+P361+P353
  • P304+P340+P310
  • P403+P233
  • P305+P351+P338+P310
  • P301+P330+P331+P310
  • P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. 与地面接触/连接集装箱和接受设备。
  • P370+P378
  • P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. 使用本产品时不要吃东西,喝水或吸烟。
  • P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling. 处理后要彻底洗净双手。
  • P233 Keep container tightly closed. ?保持容器密闭。
  • P273 Avoid release to the environment. 避免释放到环境中。
  • P308+P311
  • P241+P242+P243
  • P303+P361+P353+P310+P363
Signal word
Safety Statements
  • S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice 眼睛接触后,立即用大量水冲洗并征求医生意见;
  • S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection 穿戴适当的防护服、手套和眼睛/面保护;
  • S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible) 发生事故时或感觉不适时,立即求医(可能时出示标签);
  • S16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking 远离火源,禁止吸烟;
Risk Statements
UN Number UN1158 1158
Packing GroupII
Storage condition 充氩储存 Store at RT. 密封阴凉干燥保存。
Hazard Class3/8
Warnings 危化品目录(2015)
TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION           : 2120 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   GISAAA Gigiena i Sanitariya.  For English translation, see HYSAAV.  (V/O
   Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR)  V.1-    1936-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 45(3),79,1980

TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 770 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   UCDS** Union Carbide Data Sheet.  (Union Carbide Corp., 39 Old Ridgebury
   Rd., Danbury, CT 06817)  Volume(issue)/page/year: 12/15/1971

TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION           : 4700 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   GISAAA Gigiena i Sanitariya.  For English translation, see HYSAAV.  (V/O
   Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR)  V.1-    1936-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 45(3),79,1980

TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Administ

TYPE OF TEST            : LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Mammal - species unspecified
DOSE/DURATION           : 4200 mg/m3
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   TPKVAL Toksikologiya Novykh Promyshlennykh Khimicheskikh Veshchestv.
   Toxicology of New Industrial Chemical Substances.  For English translation,
   see TNICS*.  (Izdatel'stvo Meditsina, Mos

TYPE OF TEST            : Mutation in microorganisms
TEST SYSTEM             : Bacteria - Salmonella typhimurium
DOSE/DURATION           : 1 ug/plate
REFERENCE :
   NUCADQ Nutrition and Cancer.  (Franklin Institute Press, POB 2266,
   Phildelphia, PA 19103) V.1-    1978-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 3,129,1982

其他信息

  • Hazard Note:Highly Flammable/Corrosive/Harmful
  • Sigma Aldrich:108-18-9(sigmaaldrich)
  • 方法一:其制备方法是以丙酮
  • 用途四:二异丙胺是除草剂野燕畏的中间体,也是生产杀虫剂吡虫啉的原料。
  • 用途二:用于生产农药、医药
  • 用途六:用于生产医药、农药、染料、橡胶硫化促进剂、乳化剂、洗涤剂等。
  • 图谱信息:二异丙胺(108-18-9)核磁图( 1 HNMR) 二异丙胺(108-18-9)红外图谱(IR2) 二异丙胺(108-18-9)红外图谱(IR1) 二异丙胺(1
  • 用途一:用作橡胶促进剂、医药中间体农药除草剂、表面活性剂等。用作卒取剂,聚合反应的催化促进剂.也用作制造医
  • 灭火剂:干粉、干砂、二氧化碳、泡沫、1211灭火剂
  • 爆炸物危险特性:与空气混合可爆
  • 用途五:有机合成原料,主要用于合成农药除草剂燕麦敌1、2号,合成医药肝乐、维丙胺、心得宁和普鲁本辛等,还用于合成染料、橡胶促进剂、矿物浮选剂、洗涤剂、消泡剂、乳化剂、乳胶型地板漆基料及其他表面活性剂产品。
  • {Chemicalb
  • 用途五:有机合成原料
  • 上游原料:氨 --> 异丙醇 --> 氢 --> 异丙胺 --> 高岭土
  • 急性毒性:口服-小鼠 LD50:2120 毫克/公斤; 吸入-大鼠 LC50:4800毫克/立方米/2小时
  • 毒性分级:中毒
  • 类别:易燃液体
  • 用途三:用于有机合成,也用作溶剂
  • 方法二:由丙酮或异丙醇经氢化氨化而得。1.丙酮催化氢化氨化法丙酮气化后与一定量的氨、氢混合,在常压和适当温度下,连续进行催化反应,催化剂为Ni-Cu-白土,反应产物经精馏、分馏,得成品。原料消耗定额:丙酮1389kg/t、液氨376kg/t、氢气(99%)1023m3。2. 异丙醇催化氢化氨化法异丙醇、液氨、氢以气相按一定比例混合,在催化剂Cu-Ni-白土存在下,合成二异丙胺粗品,经萃取、分离、脱水、精馏得成品。反应总转化率可达86%,产品收率96%。含一异丙胺
  • MSDS 信息:二异丙胺(108-18-9).msds
  • 方法一:其制备方法是以丙酮、氨气和氢气为原料,在常压下150~220℃以镍、铜、白土为催化剂进行反应,丙酮转化率为98%,得到一、
  • 防护措施:本品有毒。液体或蒸气能刺
  • 检测方法:GC
  • 防护措施:本品有毒。液体或蒸气能刺激皮肤、眼睛、呼吸道和肺。开始染毒2~5分钟
  • Acros O
  • 下游产品:1-Boc-4-甲基-4-哌啶甲酸 --> 1-(2-异氰基乙基)-4-甲基哌嗪 --> 3-甲基-5-氨基-2-甲氧基吡啶 --> 1,2-双(4-吡啶基)乙烷 --> 4-三氟甲基烟酸 --> 6-氟-2-吡啶甲醛 --> 1-(3,4-二氯苄基)哌嗪 --> 2-氯-6-三氟甲基烟酸 --> 2-氯-4-碘吡啶-3-甲醛 --> 1-(4-吡啶基)丙酮 --> 2-[3-(二异丙胺基)-1-苯丙基l]-4-甲基苯酚 --> 1-叔丁基-3-三氟甲基-1H-吡唑-5-羧酸 --> 1-苯基-5-三氟甲基-1H-吡唑-4-醛 --> 2-甲基-5-三氟甲基-2H-吡唑-3-羧酸 --> 1-苯
  • 二异丙胺价格(试剂级):更新日期 产品编号 产品名称 包装 价格 2011/08/23 80058127 二异丙胺 250ml 18.6元 2011/04/16 D0925 二异丙胺 Diisopropylamine 25ML 88元 2011/04/16 D0925 二异丙胺 Diisopropylamine 500ML 200元
  • 有氨的气味。易挥发。呈强碱性。溶于水、乙醇和大多数有机溶剂。有腐蚀性。
  • 可燃性危险特性:遇明火、高温、氧化剂易燃; 燃烧产生有毒氮氧化物烟雾

系列性分类