Hydrogen chloride solution 4N HCl/in MeOH

CAS 7647-01-0 MFCD00011324

化学结构图

7647-01-0
SMILES: Cl

化学属性

Mol. FormulaHCl
Mol. Weight36.46
Boiling Point106 °C
Density0.895 g/mL at 25 °C
Flash Point10°(50°F)
TSCAYes
Refractive index1.3535
SolubilitySoluble in water, alcohol, ether and benzene
Vapor Density1.3 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure190 mmHg ( 25 °C)
Melting Point-11.8°C
Stability对光线敏感
Density1.072
Mol. FormulaHCl
Mol. Weight36.46

别名和识别编码

Chemical NameHydrogen chloride solution
CAS Number7647-01-0
PubChem Substance ID313
EC Number231-595-7
Beilstein Registry Number1098214
MDL NumberMFCD00011324
Merck Number14,4780
Synonym Muriatic acid 氯化氢的甲醇溶液 Spirits of salt 氯化氢 – 2-丙醇 溶液 Acide chlorhydrique Chlorwasserstoff 盐酸 溶液 氢氯酸;白盐酸;盐酸 Acido cloridrico Hydrogen chloride 氯化氢 Hydrochloride Muriatic acid 氯化氢 溶液 氯化氢;;氢氯酸;白盐酸;盐酸 氢氯酸,白盐酸,氯化氢 Anhydrous hydrochloric acid Chlorohydric acid 盐酸 盐酸容量分析用溶液标准物质 Chlorowodor 氯化氢的 2-丙醇溶液 Chloorwaterstof 氯化氢 溶液 氯化氢 – 甲醇 溶液
Chemical Name Translation4N HCl/in MeOH
InChIKeyVEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Wiswesser Line NotationH G
InChIInChI=1S/ClH/h1H
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分类

  • {SNA} Acids, Acids & Bases, Amino Acid Analysis, Chemical Synthesis, Hydrolysis Products for Amino Acid Analysis,
  • {SNA} Acids, Acids & Bases,
  • {SNA} Acids, Acids & Bases, Analytical Reagents for General Use, Chemical Synthesis, Inorganic Acids, Reagent Grade Acids & Bases, Synthetic Reagents, 分析/色谱, 分析试剂
  • {SA} Acid Solutions, Acid solutions available in VOLPAC containers (5 and 10 L), Analytical Reagents, Analytical/Chromatography, By Reference Material, Hydrochloric acid solution, Most common compounds for volumetric titration, Reference Material Sodium carbonate, Solution containers 5 L / 10 L (VOLPAC),
  • {SNA} Acids,

产品应用

  • 盐酸是化学工业重要原料之一,广泛用于化工原料、染料、医药、食品、印染、皮革、制糖和冶金等行业。还用作萃取剂、离子交换树脂的再生,以及金属表面的清洗剂。

相关文献及参考

  • Merck: 14,4794 / Merck 14,4780

安全信息

GHS Symbol
WGK Germany3
Hazard Codes T,C F,T F,Xn Xi C F,Xi
Hazard statements
  • H290 May be corrosive to metals 可能腐蚀金属。
  • H302 Harmful if swallowed 吞食有害
  • H335 May cause respiratory irritation 可能导致呼吸道刺激
  • H319 Causes serious eye irritation 严重刺激眼睛
  • H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour 高度易燃液体和蒸气
  • H315 Causes skin irritation 会刺激皮肤
  • H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage 导致严重的皮肤灼伤和眼睛损伤
  • H351 Suspected of causing cancer 怀疑致癌
Personal Protective Equipment Eyeshields, Gloves, half-mask respirator (US), multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US) Faceshields, Gloves, Goggles Faceshields, full-face respirator (US), Gloves, Goggles, multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US), type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter
RTECSMW4025000
Precautionary statements
  • P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking. 远离热源/火花/明火/热的表面。——禁止吸烟。
  • P403+P235
  • P370+P378
  • P305+P351+P338
  • P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. 立即呼救解毒中心或医生/医师。
  • P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. 避免吸入粉尘/烟/气体/烟雾/蒸汽/喷雾。
  • P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. 戴防护手套/防护服/眼睛的保护物/面部保护物。
  • P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. 不要吸入粉尘/烟/气体/烟雾/蒸汽/喷雾。
  • P304+P340+P310
  • P303+P361+P353
  • P403+P233
  • P301+P310+P330
  • P308+P311
  • P281 Use personal protective equipment as required. 使用所需的个人防护装备。
Signal word Danger Warning
Safety Statements
  • S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible) 发生事故时或感觉不适时,立即求医(可能时出示标签);
  • S36/37 Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves 穿戴适当的防护服和手套;
  • S16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking 远离火源,禁止吸烟;
  • S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice 眼睛接触后,立即用大量水冲洗并征求医生意见;
  • S37 Wear suitable gloves 戴适当手套;
  • S23 Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapour/spray (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer) 不要吸入气体/烟雾/蒸汽/喷雾;
  • S60 This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste 该物质及其容器必须作为危险废物处置;
  • S9 Keep container in a well-ventilated place 保持容器在通风良好的场所;
  • S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection 穿戴适当的防护服、手套和眼睛/面保护;
  • S33 Take precautionary measures against static discharges 对静电采取预防措施;
UN Number UN2924
Risk Statements
  • R11 Highly flammable 非常易燃
  • R36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin 对眼睛、呼吸系统和皮肤有刺激性
  • R67 Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness 蒸汽可能导致嗜睡和昏厥
  • R39/23/24/25 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed 毒性:吸入,皮肤接触和吞食都会产生十分严重的不可逆危险
  • R23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed 吸入,皮肤接触及吞食都有毒
  • R34 Causes burns 会导致灼伤
  • R36 Irritating to eyes 刺激眼睛
  • R22 Harmful if swallowed 吞咽有害
  • R37 Irritating to respiratory system 刺激呼吸道
  • R19 May form explosive peroxides 可能生成易爆的过氧化物质
  • R40 Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect 有限证据表明其致癌作用
  • R35 Causes severe burns 会导致严重灼伤
  • R23 Toxic by inhalation 吸入有毒
Storage condition Air & Light Sensitive 密封保存。 储存温度2-8℃ Hygroscopic
Packing GroupII
Warnings 危化品目录(2015)
TYPE OF TEST            : LCLo - Lowest published lethal concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Human
DOSE/DURATION           : 1300 ppm/30M
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   29ZWAE "Practical Toxicology of Plastics," Lefaux, R., Cleveland, OH,
   Chemical Rubber Co., 1968  Volume(issue)/page/year: -,207,1968

TYPE OF TEST            : LCLo - Lowest published lethal concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION           : 4413 ppm/30M
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - acute pulmonary edema
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes
   Liver - other changes
REFERENCE :
   JIHTAB Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology.  (Cambridge, MA

TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION           : 40142 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   COREAF Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances, Academie des Sciences.
   (Paris, France)  V.1-261, 1835-1965.  For publisher information, see CRASEV.
    Volume(issue)/page/year: 256,1043,1963

TYPE OF TEST            : LCLo - Lowest published lethal concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Human
DOSE/DURATION

TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION           : 900 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   BIZEA2 Biochemische Zeitschrift.  (Berlin, Ger.)  V.1-346, 1906-67.  For
   publisher information, see EJBCAI.  Volume(issue)/page/year: 134,437,1923

TYPE OF TEST            : Cytogenetic analysis
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Parenteral
TEST SYSTEM             : Insect - grasshopper
DOSE/DURATION           : 20 mg
REFERENCE :
   NULSAK Nucleus (Calcutta).  (Dr. A.K. Sharma, Centre of Advanced Studies in
   Cell and Chromosome Research, Calcutta, 35 Baliygunge Circular Rd., Calcutta
   700 019, India)  V.1-    1958-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 9,119,1966

TYPE OF TEST            : Cytogenetic analysis
TEST SYSTEM             : Rodent - hamster Lung
DOSE/DURATION           : 30 mmol/L
REFERENCE :
   CYTBAI Cytobios. (Faculty Press, 88 Regent St., Cambridge, UK)  V.1- 1969- 
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 55,167,1988

TYPE OF TEST            : Sex chromosome loss and nondisjunction
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
TEST SYSTEM             : Insect - Drosophila melanogaster
DOSE/DURATION           : 100 ppm/24H
REFERENCE :
   THAGA6 Theoretical & Applied Genetics.  (Springer-Verlag New York, Inc.,
   Service Center, 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094)  V.38-    1968-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 39,330,1969

TYPE OF TEST            : Cytogenetic analysis
TEST SYSTEM             : Rodent - hamster Ovary
DOSE/DURATION           : 8 mmol/L
REFERENCE :
   MUREAV Mutation Research.  (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE
   Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1-    1964-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 225,55,1989

TYPE OF TEST            : DNA repair
TEST SYSTEM             : Bacteria - Escherichia coli
DOSE/DURATION           : 25 ug/well
REFERENC

TYPE OF TEST            : Sex chromosome loss and nondisjunction
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
TEST SYSTEM             : Insect - Drosophila melanogaster
DOSE/DURATION           : 100 ppm
REFERENCE :
   THAGA6 Theoretical & Applied Genetics.  (Springer-Verlag New York, Inc.,
   Service Center, 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094)  V.38-    1968-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 39,330,1969

TYPE OF TEST            : TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE                    : 450 mg/m3/1H
SEX/DURATION            : female 1 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death,
   e.g., stunted fetus)
   Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - homeostasis
REFERENCE :
   AKGIAO Akushcherstvo i Ginekologiya (Moscow).  (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga,
   113095 Moscow, USSR) No.1-    1936-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 53(6),69,1977

其他信息

  • 1.将本品垂直放于1升的容量瓶上。
  • 每瓶安瓿可稀释成一升的滴定液
  • 2.用附带的小工具从上至下刺破薄膜,使浓缩液流入容量瓶中
  • 为氯化氢的水溶液,浓盐酸在空气中发烟,有刺激性气味,味酸,能与水及乙醇任意混和,有强烈的腐蚀性,呈强酸性,能与许多金属和金属的氧化物、碱类和大部分盐类起化学作用,能与碱中和,与磷、硫等非金属均无作用。
  • 使用方法:
  • 注:本包装为浓缩液,是用来稀释成1升的分析滴定液。稀释后的浓度即为标签上所示浓度。(在允许的不确定度区间之内)
  • 3.取适量的蒸馏水润洗本产品的容器,并使之流入到容量瓶中,直至加到一升容量瓶的刻度处

系列性分类


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